Socio-economics, sustainability and Ethics (SeSE)

Main ideas and research focus for SeSE-platform

The idea of SeSE is to link the results from the research and innovation activities of BIO-VALUE into a production/value chain context in order to assess system-wide sustainability of biomass production and biobased products, in terms of economic impacts, environmental effects and ethical aspects.

A number of research questions are pursued via a combination of quantitative and qualitative analytical methods.

  • Quantitative analyses will be conducted within a model framework, which combines economic models, farming systems models and Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) tools, linked to a Geographical Information System (GIS).
  • Qualitative analyses will complement the quantitative analyses in order to address ethical aspects and societal processes relating to the development and growth of a high-value biomass refinery sector.

Research questions

  1. What are the economic costs and environmental burdens, benefits and trade-offs for Denmark of alternative strategies for biomass production and processing in Denmark?
  2. In which sectors of the Danish society and in what types of farming systems do these benefits and cost accrue?
  3. What are the potential economic costs and benefits for Denmark of alternative international scenarios for biomass production and processing, based on Danish technology?
  4. What are the main societal incentives and barriers, including ethical aspects, for the realization of the economic and environmental potentials in the conversion of biomass into high-value materials?

Publications in the SeSE-platform:

Parajuli R, Knudsen MT, Djomo SN, Corona A, Birkved M, Dalgaard T. Environmental life cycle assessment of producing willow, alfalfa and straw from spring barley as feedstocks for bioenergy or biorefinery systems. Sci Total Environ (2017),

Grøn Biomasse, DCA rapport nr. 068, September 2015: Termansen et al.

Ranjan Parajuli, Søren Løkke, Poul Alberg Østergaard, Marie Trydeman Knudsen, Jannick H. Schmidt‎, Tommy Dalgaard: Life Cycle Assessment of district heat production in a straw fired CHP plant, Biomass and Bioenergy, Volume 68, September 2014, Pages 115-134. (This publication was produced as a baseline study in the platform for Socio-economics, Sustainability, and Ethics)

Parajuli, R.; Dalgaard, T.; Jørgensen, U.; Adamsen, A. P. S.; Knudsen, M. T.; Birkved, M.; Gylling, M.; Schjørring, J. K.: Biorefining in the prevailing energy and materials crisis: a review of sustainable pathways for biorefinery value chains and sustainability assessment methodologies, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2015, 43, Pages 244–263.

Parajuli, R.; Knudsen, M. T.; Dalgaard, T.: Multi-criteria assessment of yellow, green, and woody biomasses: pre-screening of potential biomasses as feedstocks for biorefineries.Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, June 2015, DOI: 10.1002/bbb.1567

Ranjan Parajuli, Ib Sillebak Kristensen, Marie Trydeman Knudsen, Lisbeth Mogensen, Andrea Corona, Morten Birkved, Nancy Peña, Morten Graversgaard, Tommy Dalgaard: Environmental life cycle assessments of producing maize, grass-clover, ryegrass and winter wheat straw for biorefinery. Journal of Cleaner Production 2016 (In Press).